Top Ten Videos to watch

HISTORY Brings 'Roots' Cast And Crew To The White House For Screening
Graduates tossing caps into the air
Freddie Gray Baltimore Protests
Mid section of man in graduation gown holding diploma
Legendary Baseball Player Tony Gwynn's Family Files A Lawsuit Against Big Tobacco
ME.jailhouse#2.0117.CW Montebello City Council has approved use of a private contractor to run the n
Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel Addresses Police Misconduct At Chicago City Council Meeting
WWII Soldiers Standing In A Flag Draped Sunset - SIlhouette
Students Taking a College Exam
Bill Cosby Preliminary Hearing
Hillary Clinton Campaigns In Louisville, Kentucky
Worried black businesswoman at desk
Tyler Perry And Soledad O'Brien Host Gala Honoring Bishop T.D. Jakes' 35 Years Of Ministry
Teacher with group of preschoolers sitting at table
FBI Officials Discuss Apprehension Of Explosions Suspect After Three-Day Manhunt
NFC Championship - San Francisco 49ers v Atlanta Falcons
US-POLITICS-OBAMA
Protests Erupt In Chicago After Video Of Police Shooting Of Teen Is Released
24673281
US-VOTE-DEMOCRAT-SANDERS
Nine Dead After Church Shooting In Charleston
Portrait of senior African woman holding money
Medicare
President Bush Speals At Federalist Society's Gala
Police
Police Line Tape
Senior Woman's Hands
Police officers running
New Orleans Residents Return to Housing Projects
David Banner
Leave a comment
mansfield high school desegregation

Schoolchildren, who registered at the Mansfield, Tex., High School, look at writings on a car along the school grounds.

Despite the 1954 “Brown v. Board Of Education” Supreme Court ruling, which struck down the segregation of public schools, a White mob in a small Texas town used violence to bar Black students from attending classes. On this day in 1956, 12 students were approved for registering in to Mansfield High School only to be met with racist taunts and burning effigies.

SEE ALSO: Benjamin Banneker Challenges Slavery In Letter On This Day In 1791

According to records, the small farming town of around 1,500 people housed schools for Black students that were not up to the standards set for Whites. Just before the start of the 1956-1957 school year, Mansfield’s school board honored the high court’s decision to allow the 12 students to attend the local high school. An angry mob of 400 pro-segregationists took to the streets brandishing guns and racist signs.

The Courier wrote in an opinion piece  that then-Governor Allan Shivers was in the middle of a dogfight to win a third gubernatorial term in 1954, even calling his liberal opponent a “n-gger lover.” Using the Supreme Court’s decision and hopeful Ralph Yarborough‘s public support of desegregation, he was able to secure the White vote for his record third term.

A year later, the federal district court in Fort Worth ruled in favor of three Black teens who tried to enter Mansfield High but were denied. However, the judge left the final decision up to the town’s school board who later appealed. In frustration, judge Joseph E. Estes issued an order on August 27,1956, allowing the admittance of Black students.

mansfield high school desegregation

Gov. Shivers sent six Texas Rangers not to escort the children in to the school, but to stave off any potential for violence. Effigies were hung, with one featuring a burned figure alongside a sign that read, “This Negro tried to enter the school.”

Even though Black residents watched over the students using an armed community watch faction, the students were redirected to a secondary school in Fort Worth. To add insult to injury, the students had to find their own way to the school, and it was not as modern as Mansfield.

The town resisted student integration and defied the constitutional law until 1965.

SEE ALSO: D.C. Leaders Use March On Washington To Advocate For Statehood

Also On News One: