UPDATE: (01/16/2014, 10:05 PM EST):
WASHINGTON — Congress sent President Barack Obama a $1.1 trillion government-wide spending bill Thursday, easing the harshest effects of last year’s automatic budget cuts after tea party critics chastened by October’s partial shutdown mounted only a faint protest.
The Senate voted 72-26 for the measure, which cleared the House a little more than 24 hours earlier on a similarly lopsided vote. Obama’s signature on the bill was expected in time to prevent any interruption in government funding Saturday at midnight.
The huge bill funds every agency of government, pairing increases for NASA and Army Corps of Engineers construction projects with cuts to the Internal Revenue Service and foreign aid. It pays for implementation of Obama’s health care law; a fight over implementing “Obamacare” sparked tea party Republicans to partially shut the government down for 16 days last October.
Also included is funding for tighter regulations on financial markets, but at levels lower than the president wanted.
The compromise-laden legislation reflects the realities of divided power in Washington and a desire by both Democrats and Republicans for an election-year respite after three years of budget wars that had Congress and the White House lurching from crisis to crisis. Both parties looked upon the measure as a way to ease automatic spending cuts that both the Pentagon and domestic agencies had to begin absorbing last year.
All 53 Democrats, two independents and 17 Republicans voted for the bill. The 26 votes against it were all cast by Republicans.
WASHINGTON — Congress edged Thursday toward granting final approval to a $1.1 trillion package financing federal agencies this year, a bipartisan compromise that all but banishes the specter of an election-year government shutdown and underscores lawmakers’ fatigue with budget battles.
SEE ALSO: House To Approve Government Budget
Democratic leaders were hoping the Senate would vote on the immense spending measure as early as Thursday. The Republican-run House passed the package Wednesday in a lopsided 359-67 vote that illustrated how both parties could claim wins in the measure — and how both saw deep perils in fighting over it.
“In today’s era of shutdown, slowdown, slam down politics, where negotiating occurs on cable TV rather than committee rooms, we worked together, setting aside partisan differences,” Senate Appropriations Committee Chairwoman Barbara Mikulski, D-Md., said of her work on the bill with her House counterpart, Rep. Hal Rogers, R-Ky. “This is what the American people deserve.”
“It represents a middle ground on which I believe we can all comfortably stand,” said Sen. Richard Shelby of Alabama, top Republican on the Appropriations panel. “It’s certainly far better than the alternative, which would be another confrontation, another government shutdown.”
The legislation is a line-by-line follow-up to the budget compromise the two parties pushed through Congress in December that set overall spending limits for the next two years.
The bill lawmakers were considering this week finances federal agencies through September. With the November congressional elections coming just weeks later, Congress is all but sure to provide more money later to avoid an election-eve budget clash.
The legislation increases agency budgets by $26 billion over last year’s total. But it still leaves them $31 billion below, where last year’s spending would have been if not for sequestration — budget-wide cuts triggered after lawmakers failed to agree to deficit-cutting savings.
The measure let Republicans claim they have now restrained agency spending for four straight years. They won cuts to the Internal Revenue Service and Transportation Security Administration and foreign aid, restricted spending to implement President Barack Obama‘s health care and financial regulation overhauls, and won renewal of provisions limiting federal assistance for abortions.
“Today the House came together to keep the government open while further reining in its out-of-control spending,” House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, said.
Democrats touted extra spending for Head Start preschool programs, food aid for poor pregnant women and biomedical research, and there was more money for the FBI, NASA, and the border patrol as well. Democrats claimed victories in protecting a requirement that some gun dealers report sales to the same buyer of multiple firearms and in blocking a GOP effort to curb federal regulation of utilities’ greenhouse gas emissions.
Even so, many Democrats voted reluctantly for the measure, unhappy that it didn’t include more for the Environmental Protection Agency and federal aid for school districts and handicapped students.
“We endanger our families and our future by shortchanging these programs,” Rep. Rosa DeLauro, D-Conn., said.
Just as important to many lawmakers was the bill’s signal to voters that members of Congress actually can run the country. The past two years have featured repeated standoffs over deficit reduction, raising the federal debt limit and other budget issues that have soured voters, making lawmakers reluctant to incense them further.
Passage of the legislation sends a positive signal to “all those ankle-biters and naysayers who say we can’t get anything done,” Rep. Jim Moran, D-Va., said.
The measure also lets legislators put budget battles behind them and turn to campaign-season themes: for the GOP, Obama’s health care law, and for Democrats, boosting the incomes of low-earners and the middle class.
In the House, 64 of the 67 “no” votes came from Republicans, including many of the chamber’s most-conservative members.
Among them was Rep. Raul Labrador, R-Idaho, who complained that the measure represented “Washington at its worst – a 1,582-page bill stuffed with pork, ineffective programs and giveaways, being rushed through Congress without proper review.”
The bill’s authors unveiled the measure Monday night.
The legislation erases cuts Congress enacted last year in annual inflation increases in benefits for wounded military personnel who retire early and their survivors. Those cuts had drawn howls from veteran’s organizations.
The bill also blocks the government from enforcing regulations aimed at weaning consumers from today’s widely used but energy-eating incandescent light bulbs and gives federal workers a 1 percent raise, their first in four years.
It prevents the post office from ending Saturday deliveries to close its huge budget gap and bars the administration from transferring terrorist suspects held at the Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, detention center to U.S. prisons.
Of the measure’s $1.1 trillion, $521 billion is for defense and $492 billion is for non-defense programs. In addition, the bill provides $92 billion for military action overseas, mostly in Afghanistan, and $7 billion for natural disasters.
To give the Senate time to debate the spending measure, Obama signed a measure that Congress sent him financing federal agencies through Saturday. An earlier temporary spending measure expired Thursday morning.