A nationwide assessment of the digital economy has found that Black Americans are overrepresented as tech consumers, but drastically underrepresented as tech employees, according to the 2018 State of Black America.
The State of Black America, the National Urban League’s seminal annual publication, has become one of the most highly anticipated benchmarks and sources for thought leadership around racial equality in America across economics, employment, education, health, housing, criminal justice and civic participation.
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This year’s report, “Save Our Cities: Powering the Digital Revolution,” set out to answer the question, “Are the new job, business and educational opportunities created by increased digitization of our world being equally shared?”
African-Americans make up less than 5% of the workforce at social media and technology companies, vs. more than 50% for whites. Less than 6% of total Black employment in 2017 was in the tech industry, vs. 8.5% for whites.
“Historically, while great industrial breakthroughs have profited our nation, African-Americans have often been exploited, rather than elevated by these advancements,” National Urban League President and CEO Marc H. Morial said. “Fortunately, the digital revolution is still in its youth—and ripe with potential for Black Americans. While it has positioned itself such that the barriers of entry are few and low, the findings of the National Urban League’s 2018 Digital Inclusion Index are unambiguous: we must separate the signal from the noise.”
The Digital Inclusion Index is a brand-new iteration of the report’s traditional Equality Index™ – a mathematical representation of the relative social and economic status of Black Americans relative to whites. The 2018 Equality Index remains 72.5%, unchanged from 2017, while the Digital Inclusion Index is slightly higher at 74.1%. An index of 100% would represent full equality.
Inspired by the Three-Fifths Compromise of the 1787 United States Constitutional Convention, the Equality Index is calculated using an array of statistics in five categories: economics, health, education, social justice and civic engagement. The Digital Inclusion Index is calculated based upon digital skills and occupations, digital access and digital policy.
The full report is available at www.StateOfBlackAmerica.com, a website that includes the commentary and analysis of more than 50 thought leaders in business, government, science and the arts.
“Technology is a study in contrasts for Black America,” Morial said. “Black families continue to remain less likely than white families to have dedicated internet access at home, yet African-Americans are the second-largest multicultural group, after Asian Americans, for mobile device ownership, with 91% owning smartphones. Black millennials are influential, leading users of mobile technology and platforms, and voracious consumers and creators of digital content, but lag behind in tech employment.”
The report found some areas of above-average digital equality. Although African-Americans were less likely, in general, than whites to receive degrees in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) , one kind of STEM degree actually is more common among African-Americans – computer and data science. In 2015-2016, 2.8% of African-Americans, vs. 2.6% of whites earned such degrees.
While African-Americans with doctoral degrees in science and engineering don’t have the same outcomes as their white counterparts, they are closer to parity than the average worker – almost 93%.
The report also includes a Hispanic-White Equality Index which calculates the same categories as the Black-White Index. This year’s index is 79.3%, a slight gain over the 2017 index of 78.5%. Both the Black-White Index and the Hispanic-White Index reflect slight gains in household income, graduation rates and college enrollment.