Terrorism is hard to define, one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter. Any attack that targets innocent civilians may be called terrorism. These attacks are non-government sponsored attacks on innocent civilians. Due to the large amounts of terrorism in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan, I have left attacks from those places off the list.
In October 2002, a suicide bomber and a carbomb detonated outside popular nightclubs in Bali, Indonesia. Another bomb detonated by the U.S. Consulate but caused only minimal damage. The bombs killed 202 people including 88 Australian tourists. Three members of the violent Islamic group, Jemaah Islamiyah, were convicted and sentenced to death for the attack.
Moscow Theater Hostage Crisis
In October 2002, dozens of Armed Chechnyan rebels took 850 hostages at a theater in Moscow, demanding that Russia end the war in Chechnya. After using an unknown chemical, Russian forces killed 39 rebels and 129 hostages.
In November of 2003, four truck bomb attacks carried out in Istanbul, Turkey. The first two bombs hit synagogues, and the next two hit the headquarters of HSBC Bank and the British Consulate five days later. The bombings killed 57 people and injured more than 700. A Turkish group affiliated with Al Qaeda was prosecuted for planning and executing the attack with Osama Bin Laden’s approval.
Madrid Train Bombings
On March 11th 2004, several bombs went off in Madrid’s subway system, killing 191 people and wounding 1,800. The bombings were three days before Spain’s national elections and may have swayed the vote to the Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party. Eventually Moroccan national Jamal Zougam was found guilty of the attack which was said to be inspired by Al Qaeda.
Beslan School Hostage Crisis
In September of 2003, Chechnyan rebels took a whole school hostage in the town of Beslan, North Ossetia, which is part of the Russian Federation. They were once again demanding the end of the Russian war in Chechnya. When Russian troops stormed the school, 334 hostages were killed, including 186 children.
London Train Bombings
In 2005, a series of coordinated suicide bombings in the London train and bus system killed 52 people and injured 700. The attacks were carried out by 4 Islamic men of Pakistani descent and a Jamaican convert. The attacks were inspired by Al Qaeda, Osama Bin Laden, and Ayman al-Zawahiri. The bombers left videos claiming their actions were in response to the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Egypt Resort Attacks
In October of 2005, the Egyptian resort town of Sharm el-Sheikh was hit be a series of explosions that would kill 88 and wound over 200. A carbomb, a suitcase bomb and a truck bomb all detonated in the downtown area of Sharm el-Sheikh as well as a popular tourist hotel. Abdullah Azzam Brigades, a group tied to Al Qaeda, took credit for the attack and cited the war in Iraq as their motivation.
New Dehli Bombings
In October 2005 during the Hindu festival of Diwali, three bombs went off in New Dehli, India, killing 62 and wounding 210. The bombs were placed in a car, a motorcycle and on a bus. Indian officials believe the bombs came from separatists from the oft disputed Kashmir region.
On November, 26th 2008 in Mumbai, India, 10 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks killed 164 people and wounded 308. The attacks occurred at two luxury hotels, a hospital, a Jewish Center, and a movie theater. Only one attacker was captured alive who was later sentenced to death. The India government blamed a Pakistani Millisent terrorist group.
In July of 2011, Anders Behring Breivik, an anti-Mulsim, right wing Christian planted a bomb in Oslo, Orway near the Prime Minister’s Office killing 8 people. He then went to an island retreat for young members of the ruling Labor Party and shot and killed 89 teenagers.